Prosthodontics AND Prosthetics
Dental loss greatly and directly affects the external appearance and psychological state of the patient, which consequently leads to a gradual loss of self-confidence, and because dentistry always provides the correct methods and treatments for each condition; Dental replacement has become the ideal solution for such cases, through which lost teeth and surrounding tissues are compensated, and treatment of shattered and broken teeth.
They are compositions that the patient can remove from the mouth and reinstall again, and they can be used to replace a number of missing teeth or all of them. Partial fittings or full dentures are called for one or both jaws and are called full-fledged fixtures.
With advances in dental implant technology and dental prosthetics; This type of compensation has become less used, and is resorted to temporarily to help the patient to chew food and speak before making the final composition or implantation, as it is used in the case of losing front teeth as a temporary aesthetic solution before doing the transplant or bridge, and for this we find that there are many Among the factors that determine the choice of the type of treatment with dental compensations include the patient’s health condition, daily oral care, and the integrity of the tissues that support the teeth and mouth, as well as the severity of the problem, where the specialist studies the factors and develops the treatment plan and then discusses it with the patient and determines the most appropriate, in addition to the cost playing du A important in determining the quality of treatment.
These are dental installations that are fixed in the mouth permanently and can only be removed by the dentist, and of its types, dental implants, crowns, and bridges, where dental implants and bridges are used to replace missing teeth, while crowns are used to cover shabby teeth that cannot be treated. By the usual fillings.
In view of the impressive success and progress of the dental implant technique; It has become the best choice in terms of conservative, as the missing tooth is replaced by another without affecting the neighboring teeth as in the case of bridge compensation, where the neighboring teeth are carved into the void and then covered with the composition, that is, they are used as a support to replace the missing tooth, but sometimes it is preferred Doctors and patients bridge technology, in certain cases where dental implants are not suitable.
There are many materials used to make fixed fixtures, particularly crowns :
- Full ceramic crowns
it consists of porcelain only and therefore gives a natural appearance to the tooth, and given that the porcelain material is thin and easy to break; The tooth needs to carve more to allow the use of a thick layer of porcelain, and the ceramic technique has advanced to become the main factor in making bridges and crowns without the need for minerals to strengthen it, and its colors and purity have become much better to the extent that you will not be able to distinguish between the ceramic tooth and the tooth Neighboring natural materials, and there is a new substance, zirconium, that has begun to be used as a better alternative to regular porcelain and everyone hopes to add a lot of beauty and strength to bridges and crowns.
- Porcelain-crowned metal crowns
is a mixture of porcelain and metal to strengthen it, hence the aesthetic benefit of porcelain and the durability of the metal, but in the case of inaccuracy in preparing ceramic crowns; We may notice the effect of the color of the metal, which is reflected by the composition, therefore it is preferred to work in enabling laboratories, especially for the front teeth.
- Golden and metallic crowns
this type is used since ancient times in the manufacture of fixtures, it is made of metal or gold and thus reduce the problems associated with it, and can only be used in the back teeth because of the color of the metal, and after the emergence of many new methods more efficient and powerful; Reliance on crowns and bridges is less than before despite being less expensive.